Steven W. Running

Regents Professor/Director, Numerical Terradynamic Simulation Group (NTSG)

College of Forestry & Conservation, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812

Phone: (406) 243‑6311; Fax: (406) 243-4510


Home Page:





Ph.D. Forest Ecophysiology; Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 1979

M.S. Forest Management; Oregon State University, Corvallis, 1973

B.S. Botany; Oregon State University, Corvallis, 1972


Society Affiliations:

American Geophysical Union

American Meteorological Society

Ecological Society of America

American Association for the Advancement of Science


Awards, Honors:

Oregon State University Alumni Fellow 2009

E. O. Wilson Biodiversity Technology Pioneer Award 2009

Co-recipient, Nobel Peace Prize 2007

Univ. Of Montana Presidential Scholar 2008

University of Montana, Lud Browman Award for scientific writing, 2007

Oregon State Univ. College of Forestry, Distinguished Alumni, 2006

Burk-Brandenburg Montana Conservation Award, 2006

ISI Highly Cited Scientist Designation

Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, 2002

University of Montana BN Faculty Achievement Award, 1991

University of Montana, Distinguished Scholar, 1990



Nat’l/Int’l Committee Appointments:

National Academy of Sciences, NRC Committee on Ecological Impacts of Climate Change, 2008.

NCAR CCSM Land Model Working Group (LMWG) Co-Chair, 2006-2008.

AGU Committee of Fellows 2006-2008.

Dept of Energy, Terrestrial Carbon Science Research Program, Co-Chair, 2005-2006.

National Research Council, NASA Earth Science Decadal Survey, 2005-2006.

NRC Committee on Environmental Satellite Data Utilization 2002-2005.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Chapter Lead Author 2004-2007.

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Science Executive Committee 2004-2007.

National Research Council: Committee on Earth Studies 2004-2006.

NCAR CCSM Land Model Working Group (LMWG) Co-Chair, 2002-2004.

Interagency Carbon Cycle Science Committee 2002 – 2005.

NAS-NRC Review of NASA Earth Science Enterprise Science Plan for 2000-2010.

NASA - Earth Observing System MODIS Science Team Member, 1989-2007.

NCAR Climate System Model (CSM) Advisory Board, 1996-2000.

NASA Mission to Planet Earth Biennial Review Panel, 1997.

Terrestrial Observation Panel for Climate of the World Meteorological Organization, 1995-2001.

National Academy of Sciences, NRC, Climate Research Committee, 1995-2001.

NRC Panel on Climate Observing System Status, 1998.

NSF - National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Science Advisor Board, 1994-1997.

NASA Earth Observing System, Land Science Panel, Chair 1994-2000.

World Climate Research Program, International Land Surface Climatology Science Panel, 1994-1996.

World Climate Research Program, Global Terrestrial Observing System Committee, 1994-1995.

International Geosphere-Biosphere Program, Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrologic Cycle, Vice-Chair, 1991-1996.

National Science Foundation, Ecosystem Studies Program panel member 1991-1993.

World Climate Research Program - WCRP/IGBP Land Surface Experiments, 1990-1994.

NASA Earth Science and Applications Advisory Subcommittee, 1990-1993.

NASA Boreal Forest Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS) Steering Committee, 1989-1991.

International Geosphere-Biosphere Program - Committee on Global Hydrology, 1988-1990.

NASA - Terrestrial Ecosystems Program Advisory Group, 1988-1990.

NASA - Management Operations Working Group, 1988-1990.

NASA - Interdisciplinary Studies Review Panel, 1986.

NASA ‑ MODIS Instrument Panel, 1984‑1986.

NASA ‑ Global Biology Review Panel, 1983‑1984.

National Academy of Sciences, Space Science Board participant, 1982‑1984.

NASA ‑ Land Related Global Habitability Program Planning, 1982‑1983.


Proposal Reviewer:

American Institute of Biological Sciences

California Space Institute

Canada Foundation for Innovation

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

National Environmental Research Council of the United Kingdom

National Science Foundation

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

U.S. Dept. of Energy

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

U.S. Geological Survey

U.S.D.A. Cooperative Research Program

Western Regional Center of the National Institute for Global Environmental change



Journal Referee:

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

Agronomy Journal

AI Applications in Natural Resource Management

American Naturalist

Australian Journal of Forest Research


Canadian Journal of Botany

Canadian Journal of Forest Research

Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing

Climatic Change

Climate Research

Ecological Applications


Forest Science

Global Change Biology

Int'l Journal of Hydrological Processes

Int'l Journal of Remote Sensing

Journal of Applied Meteorology

Journal of Climate

Journal of Environmental Quality

Journal of Geophysical Research

Journal of Hydrology

Journal of Range Management

National Geographic Research and Exploration


Northwest Science

Remote Sensing of Environment



The National Academies

Tree Physiology

USFS Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station

USFS Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station

USFS Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station

Water, Air and Soil Pollution

Water Resources Research



2007- Regents Professor, University of Montana

2008 Visiting Professor, Universitat de Bodenkultur, Vienna, Austria

1988-present Professor, Forest Ecology, College of Forestry & Conservation, University of Montana

2005 Visiting Professor, University of Firenze, Florence, Italy

2003 Professor, Visiting McMaster Fellow, CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra, ACT Australia

1993 Visiting Sabbatical Scientist, Dept of Plant Ecology, Lund University, Sweden

1986‑87 Visiting Sabbatical Scientist, CSIRO Division of Forest Research, Canberra, Australia

1983‑1988 Associate Professor, Forest Ecophysiology, School of Forestry, University of Montana

1979‑1983 Assistant Professor, Forest Ecophysiology, School of Forestry, University of Montana

1979 Senior Research Associate, Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University

1976-1979               Research Forester, Forest and Mtn Meteorology Project, Rocky Mtn Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, Colorado

1976‑1979 Graduate Research Assistant, Dept. of Forest and Wood Sciences, Colorado State University

1974‑1976 Research Assistant, Coniferous Forest Biome, Oregon State University

1973‑1974 Forest Ecologist, Environmental Associates Inc., Corvallis, Oregon





Boisvenue, C. and S.Running. (2010) Simulations show decreasing carbon stocks and potential for carbon emissions for Rocky Mountain forests in the next century. Ecological Applications 20(5): 1302-1319).


Di Vittorio, A. V., R. S. Anderson, J. D White, N. L., Miller, S.W. Running. (2010) Development and optimization of an Agro-BGC ecosystem model for C4 perennial grasses. Ecological Modelling 1-16.


Running, S.W.R. (2010) EOS Is More Important Than Ever. Earthwide Communications LLC.


Allen, C.D., A.K. Macalady, H. Chenchouni, D. Bachelet, N. McDowell, M. Vennetier, T. Kitzberger, A. Rigling, D.D. Breshears, E.H. Hogg, P. Gonzalez, R. Fensham, Z. Zhang, J. Castro, N. Demidova, J.H. Lim, G. Allard, S.W. Running, A. Semerci, N. Cobb. (2010) A global overview of drought and heat induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 660-684.


Le Quere, C., M.R. Raupach, J. G. Canadell, G. Marland, L. Bopp, P. Ciais, T. J. Conway, S.C. Doney, R.A. Feely, P. Foster, P. Friedlingsten, K. Gurney, R.A. Houghton, J.I. House, C. Huntingford, P.E. Levy, M.R. Lomas, J. Majkut, N. Metzl, J. P. Ometto, G.P. Peters, C. Prentice, J.T. Randerson, S.W.R. Running, J.L. Sarmiento, U. Schuster, S. Sitch, T. Takahashi, N. Viovy, G.R. van der Werf, F.I. Woodward. (2009) Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Nature Geoscience 1-6.


Running, S.W., R.R.Nemani, J.R.G.Townshend, D.D.Baldocchi. (2009) Next Generation Terrestrial Carbon Monitoring. IN: Carbon Sequestration and Its Role in the Global Carbon Cycle. American Geophysical Union. Geophysical Monograph Series 183: 49-69.


Nightingale, J., S. W. Running. (2009) Long Term Global Monitoring of Vegetation Variables Using Moderate Resolution Satellites. EOS 90(27): 388.


Zhang, K., J.S. Kimball, Q. Mu, L.A. Jones, S.J. Goetz, S.W. Running. (2009) Satellite based analysis of northern ET trends and associated changes in the regional water balance from 1938 to 2005. Journal of Hydrology 379: 92-110.


Running, S.W., L.S. Mills. (2009) Terrestrial Ecosystem Adaptation. Resources for the Future 1: 1-36.


Mu, Q., L.A. Jones, J.S. Kimball, K.C. McDonald, S.W. Running. (2009) Satellite assessment of land surface evapotranspiration for the pan-Arctic domain. Water Resources Research 45: W09420.


Randerson, J.T., F.M. Hoffman, P. E. Thornton, N.M. Mahowald, K. Lindsay, Y. Lee, C.D. Nevison, S.C. Doney, G. Bonan, R.Stockli, C. Covey, S.W. Running. (2009) Systematic assessment of terrestrial biogeochemistry in coupled climate-carbon models. Global Change Biology 2462-2484.


Mildrexler, D.J., M. Zhao, S.W. Running. (2009) Testing a MODIS Global Disturbance Index across North America. Remote Sensing of Environment 113: 2103-2117.


Renzullo, L.J., D.J. Barrett, A.S. Marks, M.J. Hill, J.P. Guerschman, Q. Mu, S.W. Running. (2008) Multi-sensor model-data fusion for estimation of hydrologic and energy flux parameters. Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 1306-1319.


Stockli, R., D.M. Lawrence, G.–Y. Niu, K.W. Oleson, P.E.Thornton, Z.-L. Yang, G.B. Bonan, A.S. Denning, S.W. Running. (2008) Use of FLUXNET in the Community Land Model development. Journal of Geophysical Research 113: G01025.


Hashimoto, H., J.L. Dungan, M. A. White, F. Yang, A. R. Michaelis, S. W. Running, R. R. Nemani. (2008) Satellite-based estimation of surface vapor pressure deficits using MODIS land surface temperature data.

Remote Sensing of Environment 112:142-155.


Mu, Q., M. Zhao, S. W. Running, M. Liu, H. Tian. (2008) Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate change to the carbon cycle in China’s ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research 113:G01018.


Zhao, M., S. W. Running. (2008) Remote Sensing of Terrestrial Primary Production and Carbon Cycle Advances in Land Remote Sensing: System, Modeling, Inversion and Application, S. Liang (Ed.), Springer 423-444.


Running, S. W. (2008) Ecosystem Disturbance, Carbon, and Climate. Science 321:652-653.

Zhang, K., J. S. Kimball, E.H. Hogg, M. Zhao, W. C. Oechel, J. Cassano and S. W. Running. (2008) Satellite-based model detection of recent climate-driven changes in northern high-latitude vegetation productivity. Journal of Geophysical Research 113:G03033.


Zhang, K., J.S. Kimball, K. C. McDonald, J.J. Cassano, S.W. Running. (2007) Impacts of large-scale oscillations on pan-Arctic terrestrial net primary production. Geophysical Research Letters 34:L21403.


Mu, Q., F. A. Heinsch, M. Zhao, S. W. Running. (2007) Development of a global evapotranspiration algorithm based on MODIS and global meteorology data. Remote Sensing of the Environment 111:519-536.

Mu, Q., M. Zhao, F. A. Heinsch, M. Liu, H. Tian, S. W. Running. (2007) Evaluating water stress controls on primary production in biogeochemical and remote sensing based models. Journal of Geophysical Research 112:G01012.


Zhang. K, J. S. Kimball, M. Zhao, W. C. Oechel, J. Cassano, S. W. Running. (2007) Sensitivity of pan-Arctic terrestrial net primary productivity simulations to daily surface meteorology from NCEP-NCAR and ERA-40 reanalyses. Journal of Geophysical Research 112:G01011.


Cleugh, H. A., R. Leuning, Q. Mu, S. W. Running. (2007) Regional evaporation estimates from flux tower and MODIS satellite data. Remote Sensing of Environment 106:285-304.


Friend, A. D., A. Arneth, N. Y. Kiang, M. Lomas, J. Ogee, C. Rodenbeck, S. W. Running, J. Santaren, S. Sitch, N. Viovy, F. I. Woodward, S. Zaehle. (2007) FLUXNET and modelling the global carbon cycle. Global Change Biology 13:610-633.


Kimball, J. S., M. Zhao, A. D. McGuire, F. A. Heinsch, J. Clein, M. Calef, W. M. Jolly, S. Kang, S. E. Euskirchen, K. C. McDonald, S. W. Running. (2007) Recent Climate-Driven Increases in Vegetation Productivity for the Western Arctic: Evidence of an Acceleration of the Northern Terrestrial Carbon Cycle. Earth Interactions 11(4):1-30.


Liang, S., T. Zheng, D. Wang, K. Wang, R. Liu, S. Tsay, S. W. Running, J. Townshend. (2007) Mapping High-Resolution Incident Photosynthetically Active Radiation over Land from Polar-Orbiting and Geostationary Satellite Data. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 1085-1089.


Mildrexler, D.J., M. Zhao, F.A. Heinsch, S.W. Running. (2007) A new satellite-based methodology for continental-scale disturbance detection. Ecological Applications 17(1):235-250.

Reichstein, M., P. Ciais, D. Papale, R. Valentini, S. Running, N. Viovys, W. Cramer, A. Granier, J. Ogee, V. Allard, M. Aubinet, Chr. Bernhofer, N. Buchmann, A. Carrara, T. Grünwald, M. Heimann, B. Heinesch, A. Knohl, W. Kutsch, D. Loustau, G. Manca, G. Matteucci, F. Miglietta, J.M. Ourcival, K. Pilegaard, J. Pumpanen, S. Rambal, S. Schaphoff, G. Seufert, J.F. Soussana, M.J. Sanz, T. Vesala, M. Zhao. (2007) Reduction of ecosystem productivity and respiration during the European summer 2003 climate anomaly: a joint flux tower, remote sensing and modelling analysis. Global Change Biology 13:634-651.


White, J.D., N.A. Scott, A.L. Hirsch, S. W. Running. (2006) 3-PG Productivity Modeling of Regeneration Amazon Forests: Climate Sensitivity and Comparison with MODIS-Derived NPP. Earth Interactions 10(0):1-26.


Liang, S., T. Zheng, R. Liu, H. Fang, S. Tsay, S. W. Running. (2006) Estimation of incident photosynthetically active radiation from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer data. Journal of Geophysical Research 11:D15208.


Heinsch, FA., M. Zhao, S.W. Running, J.S. Kimball, R.R. Nemani, K. J. Davis, P. V. Bolstad, B. D. Cook, A. R. Desai, D. M. Ricciuto, B. E. Law, W. C. Oechel, H. Kwon, H. Luo, S.C. Wofsy, A. L. Dunn, J. W. Munger, D. D. Baldocchi, L. Xu, D. Y. Hollinger, A. D. Richardson, P. C. Stoy, M.B.S. Siqueira, R. K. Monson, S.P. Burns, L.B.Flanagan. (2006) Evaluation of Remote Sensing Based Terrestrial Productivity from MODIS Using Regional Tower Eddy Flux Network Observations. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 44(7):1908-1925.

Cohen, W. B., T.K. Maiersperger, D.P. Turner, W.D. Ritts, D. Pflugmacher, R. E. Kennedy, A. Kirschbaum, S. W. Running, M. Costas, S. T. Gower. (2006) MODIS Land Cover and LAI Collection 4 Product Quality Across Nine Sites in the Western Hemisphere. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 44(7):1843-1857.


Boisvenue, C. and S. W. Running. (2006) Impacts of Climate Change on Natural Forest Productivity-Evidence Since the Middle of the 20th Century. Global Change Biology 12: 1-21.

Reeves, M.C., M. Zhao, S.W. Running. (2006) Applying Improved Estimates of MODIS Productivity to Characterize Grassland Vegetation Dynamics. Rangeland Ecology & Management 59(1): 1-10.

Kimball, J. S., M. Zhao, K.C. McDonald, S.W. Running. (2006), Satellite Remote Sensing Of Terrestrial Net Primary Production For the Pan-arctic Basin and Alaska. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11: 783-804.

Mildrexler, D. J., M. Zhao, S.W. Running. (2006) Where Are the Hottest Spots on Earth? EOS Transactions, 87(43):402-408.


Morisette, J.T., F. A. Heinsch, S. W. Running. (2006) Monitoring Global Vegetation using Moderate-Resolution Satellites. EOS Transactions 87(50):568.


Kang, S., J.S. Kimball, S. W. Running. (2006) Simulating effects of fire disturbance and climate change in boreal forest productivity and evapotranpsiration. Science of the Total Environment 362:85-102.

Running, S. W. (2006) Is Global Warming Causing More, Larger Wildfires? Science 313:927.

Turner, D.P., W.D. Ritts, W.B. Cohen, S.T. Grower, S.W. Running, M. Zhao, M.H. Costa, A.A. Kirschbaum, J. M. Ham, S.R. Saleska, D. E. Ahl. (2006) Evaluation of MODIS NPP and GPP products across multiple biomes. Remote Sensing of Environment 102: 282-292.

Turner, D.P., W.D. Ritts, M. Zhao, S.A. Kurc, A.L. Dunn, S. C. Wofsy, E.E. Small, S.W. Running. (2006) Assessing Interannual Variation in MODIS-Based Estimates of Gross Primary Production. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 44(7):1899-1907.


Chapin, F.S.III, G. M. Woodwell, J. T. Randerson, E. B. Rastetter, G. M. Lovett, D. D. Baldocchi, D. A. Clark, M. E. Harmon, D. S. Schimel, R. Valentini, C. Wirth, J.D. Aber, J. J. Cole, M. L. Goulden, J. W. Harden, M. Heimann, R. W. Howarth, P. A. Matson, A. D. McGuire, J. M. Melillo, H. A. Mooney, J. C. Neff, R. A. Houghton, M. L. Pace, M. G. Ryan, S. W. Running, O. E. Sala, W. H. Schlesinger, E. D. Schulze. (2006) Reconciling Carbon-cycle Concepts, Terminology, and Methods. Ecosystems 9:1041-1050.


Zhao, M., S. W. Running, R. R. Nemani. (2006) Sensitivity of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terrestrial Primary Production to the Accuracy of Meteorological Reanalyses. Journal of Geophysical Research,111:G01002.

Milesi, C., S.W. Running, C.D. Elvidge, J.B. Dietz, B.J. Tuttle, R.R. Nemani. (2005) Mapping and Modeling the Biogeochemical Cycling of Turf Grasses in the United States. Environmental Management 35(3):426-438.

Milesi, C., H. Hashimoto, S.W. Running, R.R. Nemani. (2005) Climate variability, vegetation productivity and people at risk. Global and Planetary Change 47:221-231.


Martel, M. C., H. A. Margolis, C. Coursolle, F.J. Bigras, F. A. Heinsch, S. W. Running. (2005) Decreasing photosynthesis at different spatial scales during the late growing season on a boreal cutover. Tree Physiology 25:689-699.


Zhao, M., F.A. Heinsch, R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running. (2005) Improvements of the MODIS terrestrial gross and net primary production global data set. Remote Sensing of Environment 95:164-176.

Jolly,W. M., R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running. (2005) A generalized, bioclimatic index to predict foliar phenology in response to climate. Global Change Biology 11:619-632.

Jolly, W. M., J.M. Graham, A. Michaelis, R. R. Nemani, S.W.Running. (2005) A flexible, integrated system for generating meteorological surfaces derived from point sources across multiple geographic scales. Environmental Modelling & Software 20:873-882.

Kang, S., S.W. Running, M. Zhao, J.S. Kimball, J. Glassy. (2005) Improving continuity of MODIS terrestrial photosynthesis products using an interpolation scheme for cloudy pixels. International Journal of Remote Sensing 28(6):1659-1676.

Meyerson, L.A., J. Baron, J.M. Melillo, R.J. Naiman, R.I. O’Malley, G. Orians, M.A. Palmer, A.S.P. Pfaff, S.W. Running, O. E. Sala. (2005) Aggregate measures of ecosystem services: can we take the pulse of nature? Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 3(1):56-59.

Reeves, M.C., M. Zhao, S.W. Running. (2005) Usefulness and limits of MODIS GPP for estimating wheat yield. International Journal of Remote Sensing 26(7):1403-1421.

Running, S.W., J.S. Kimball. (2005) Satellite-Based Analysis of Ecological Controls for Land-Surface Evaporation Resistance. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences 113: 1-14.

Turner, D.P., W.D. Ritts, W.B. Cohen, T. K. Maeirsperger, S.T. Gower, A.A. Kirschbaum, S.W. Running, M. Zhao, S.C. Wofsy, A.L. Dunn, B.E. Law, J.L. Campbell, W.C. Oechel, H.J. Kwon, T.P. Meyers, E.E. Small, S.A. Kurc, J.A. Gamon. (2005) Site-level evaluation of satellite-based global terrestrial gross primary production and net primary production monitoring. Global Change Biology 11:666-684.

Fagre, D.B., S.W. Running, R.E. Keane, D.L. Peterson. (2005) Assessing Climate Change Effects on Mountain Ecosystems Using Integrated Models: A case study. In: Global Change and Mountain Regions: A State of Knowledge Overview. U.M. Huber, H.K. Bugmann, M.A. Reasoner (Eds.), Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

McDonald, K.C., J.S. Kimball, M. Zhao, E.Njoku, R. Zimmermann, S.W. Running. (2004) Spaceborne microwave remote sensing of seasonal freeze-thaw processes in the terrestrial high latitudes: Relationships with Land-Atmosphere CO2 Exchange. In: Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment IV. Proceedings of Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 5654: 167-178.

McDonald, K.C., J.S. Kimball, E. Njoku, R. Zimmerman, M. Zhao. (2004) Variability in Springtime Thaw in the Terrestrial High Latitudes: Monitoring a Major Control on the Biospheric Assimilation of Atmospheric CO2 with Spaceborne Microwave Remote Sensing. Earth Interactions 8(20):1-23.

Kimball, J.S., M. Zhao, K.C. McDonald, F.A. Heinsch, S.W. Running. (2004) Satellite observations of annual variability in terrestrial carbon cycles and seasonal growing seasons at high northern latitudes. In: Microwave remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment IV. Proceedings of Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 5654: 244-254.

Kittel, T.G.F., N.A. Rosenbloom, J.A. Royle, C. Daly, W.P. Gibson, H.H. Fisher, P. Thornton, D.N. Yates, S. Aulenbach, C. Kaufman, R. McKeown, D. Bachelet, D.S. Schimel, VEMAP2 Participants (S.W.Running). (2004) VEMAP Phase 2 bioclimatic database. I. Gridded historical (20th century) climate for modeling ecosystem dynamics across the conterminous USA. Climate Research 27:151-170.

Poole, G.C., J.A. Stanford, S.W. Running, C.A. Frissell, W.W. Woessner, B.K. Ellis. (2004) A Patchy Hierarchy Approach to Modeling Surface and Subsurface Hydrology in Complex Flood-Plain Environments. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 29:1259-1274.

Hashimoto, H., R. Nemani, M. White, W. Jolly, S. Piper, C. Keeling, R. Myneni, S. Running. (2004) El-Nińo-Southern Oscillation-induced variability in terrestrial carbon cycling. Journal of Geophysical Research 109:1-8.

Running, S.W. (2004) Global Land Data Sets for Next Generation Biospheric Monitoring. American Geophysical Union Eos Transactions 85(50):543-545.

Entekhabi, D., E.G. Njoku, P. Houser, M. Spencer, T. Doiron, Y. Kim, J. Smith, R. Girard, S. Belair, W. Crow. T. Jackson, Y.H. Kerr, J.S. Kimball, R. Koster, K.C. McDonald, P.E. O’Neill, T. Pultz, S.W. Running, J. Shi, E. Wood, J. van Zyl. (2004) The Hydrosphere State (HYDROS) Satellite Mission: An Earth System Pathfinder for Global Mapping of Soil Moisture and Land Freeze/Thaw. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 42(10):2184-2195.

Kimball, J.S., K.C. McDonald, S. Frolking, S.W. Running. (2004) Radar remote sensing of the spring thaw transition across a boreal landscape. Remote Sensing of Environment 89:163-175.

Running, S.W., R.R. Nemani, F.A. Heinsch, M. Zhao, M. Reeves, H. Hashimoto. (2004) A Continuous Satellite-Derived Measure of Global Terrestrial Primary Production. BioScience 54(6):547-560.

Jolly, W.M., R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running. (2004) Enhancement of understory productivity by asynchronous phenology with overstory competitors in a temperate deciduous forest. Tree Physiology 24:1069-1071.

Kimball, J.S., K. C. McDonald, S. W. Running, S. E. Frolking. (2004) Satellite radar remote sensing of seasonal growing seasons for boreal and subalpine evergreen forests. Remote Sensing of Environment 90:243-258.

Jolly, W.M., S.W. Running. (2003) Effects of precipitation and soil water potential on drought deciduous phenology in the Kalahari. Global Change Biology 10(3):303-308.

Cohen, W.B., T.K. Maiersperger, Z. Yang, S.T. Gower, D.P. Turner, W.D. Ritts, M. Berterretche, S.W. Running. (2003) Comparisons of land cover and LAI estimates derived from ETM+ and MODIS for four sites in North America: a quality assessment of 2000/2001 provisional MODIS products. Remote Sensing of Environment 88: 233-255.

Turner, D.P., W.D. Ritts, W.B. Cohen, S.T. Gower, M. Zhao, S.W. Running, S.C. Wofsy, S. Urbanski, A.L. Dunn, J.W. Munger. (2003) Scaling Gross Primary Production (GPP) over boreal and deciduous forest landscapes in support of MODIS GPP product validation. Remote Sensing of Environment 88:256-270.

Kang, S., S.W. Running, J. Lim, M. Zhao, C. Park, R. Loehman. (2003) A regional phenology model for detecting onset of greenness in temperate mixed forests, Korea: An application of MODIS leaf area index. Remote Sensing of Environment 86:232-242.

Nemani, R.R., C.D. Keeling, H. Hashimoto, W.M. Jolly, S.C. Piper, C.J. Tucker, R.B. Myneni, S.W. Running. (2003) Climate-Driven Increases in Global Terrestrial Net Primary Production from 1982 to 1999. Science 300 (5625):1560-1563.

Pielke Sr., R.A., G. Marland, R.A. Betts, T.N. Chase, J.L. Eastman, J.O. Niles, D. Niyogi, S.W. Running. (2003) The influence of land-use change and landscape dynamics on the climate system: Relevance to climate-change policy beyond the radiative effect of greenhouse gases. In: Capturing Carbon and Conserving Biodiversity: The Market Approach. I.R. Swingland (Ed.), Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, Chapter 9:157-172.

Milesi, C., C.D. Elvidge, R.R. Nemani, S.W Running. (2003) Assessing the environmental impacts of human settlements using satellite data. Management of Environmental Quality 14(1):99-107.

Nishida, K., R.R. Nemani, J.M. Glassy, S.W. Running. (2003) Development of an Evapotranspiration Index From Aqua/MODIS for Monitoring Surface Moisture Status. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41(2):493-501.

Nemani, R., M. White, L. Pierce, P. Votava, J. Coughlan, S. Running. (2003) Biospheric Monitoring and Ecological Forecasting. Earth Observation Magazine 12(2):6-8.

Milesi, C., C.D. Elvidge, R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running. (2003) Assessing the impact of urban land development on net primary productivity in the southeastern United States. Remote Sensing of Environment 86: 401-410.

Nishida, K., R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running, J.M. Glassy. (2003) An operational remote sensing algorithm of land surface evaporation. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(D9):4270.

Schimel, D., T.G.F. Kittel, S.W. Running, R. Monson, A. Turnipseed, D. Anderson. (2002) Carbon sequestration studied in western U.S. mountains. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 83(40):445-449.

Running, S.W. (2002) New Satellite Technologies Enhance Study of Terrestrial Biosphere. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 83(41):458,460.

Running, S.W. (2002) MODIS Vegetation Workshop Report. The Earth Observer 14(5):14-15.

Myneni, R.B., S. Hoffman, Y. Knyazikhin, J.L. Privette, J. Glassy, Y. Tian, Y. Wang, X. Song, Y. Zhang, G.R. Smith, A. Lotsch, M. Friedl, J.T. Morisette, P. Votava, R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running. (2002) Global products of vegetation leaf area and fraction absorbed PAR from year one of MODIS data. Remote Sensing of Environment 83:214-231.

Poole, G.C., J.A. Stanford, C.A. Frissell, S.W. Running. (2002) Three-dimensional mapping of geomorphic controls on flood-plain hydrology and connectivity from aerial photos. Geomorphology 48:329-347.

Pielke, R. Sr., G. Marland, R.A. Betts, T.N. Chase, J.L. Eastman, J.O. Niles, D. Niyogi, S.W. Running. (2002) The influence of land-use change and landscape dynamics on the climate system: relevance to climate-change policy beyond the radiative effect of greenhouse gases. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society of London 360:1-15.

Nemani, R., M. White, P. Thornton, K. Nishida, S. Reddy, J. Jenkins, S. Running. (2002) Recent trends in hydrologic balance have enhanced the terrestrial carbon sink in the United States. Geophysical Research Letters 29(10):106/1-106/4.

White, J.D., S.W. Running, K.C. Ryan, C.C. Key. (2002) Fuzzy Logic Merger of Spectral and Ecological Information for Improved Montane Forest Mapping. Geocarto International 17(1):59-66.

Reeves, M.C., J.C. Winslow, S.W. Running. (2001) Mapping Weekly Rangeland Vegetation Productivity Using MODIS Algorithms. Journal of Range Management 54:A90-A105.

Nemani, R.R., M.A. White, D.R. Cayan, G.V. Jones, S.W. Running, J.C. Coughlan, D.L. Peterson. (2001) Asymmetric warming over coastal California and its impact on the premium wine industry. Climate Research 19:25-34.

Chase, T.N., R.A. Pielke Sr., T.G.F. Kittel, M. Zhao, A.J. Pitman, S. W. Running, R.R. Nemani. (2001) Relative climatic effects of landcover change and elevated carbon dioxide combined with aerosols: A comparison of model results and observations. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(D23):31,685-61,691.

Baldocchi, D., E. Falge, L. Gu, R. Olson, D. Hollinger, S. Running, P. Anthoni, C. Bernhofer, K. Davis, R. Evans, J. Fuentes, A. Goldstein, G. Katul, B. Law, X. Lee, Y. Malhi, T. Meyers, W. Munger, W. Oechel, K. Paw U, K. Pilegaard, H. Schmid, R. Valentini, S. Verma, T. Vesala, K. Wilson, S. Wofsy. (2001) FLUXNET: A New Tool to Study the Temporal and Spatial Variability of Ecosystem-Scale Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor, and Energy Flux Densities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82(11):2415-2434.

Coops, N.C., R.H. Waring, S.R. Brown, S.W. Running. (2001) Comparisons of predictions of net primary production and seasonal patterns in water use derived with two forest growth models in Southwestern Oregon. Ecological Modelling 142:61-81.

Jackson, R.B., S.R. Carpenter, C.H. Dahm, D.M. McKnight, R.J. Naiman, S.L. Postel, S.W. Running. (2001) Water in a changing world. Issues in Ecology 11(4):1027-1045.

Kimball, J.S., K.C. McDonald, A.R. Keyser, S. Frolking, S.W. Running. (2001) Application of the NASA Scatterometer (NSCAT) for Determining the Daily Frozen and Nonfrozen Landscape of Alaska. Remote Sensing of Environment 75:113-126.

White, M.A., S.W. Running. (2001) Identification of optimal satellite compositing length using GLOBE budburst measurements, pp. 270-276. In: Proceedings of the Sixth Annual GLOBE Conference. GLOBE, Blaine, WA, July, 2001.

Chapin, F.S. III, A.D. McGuire, J. Randerson, R. Pielke Sr., D. Baldocchi, S.E. Hobbie, N. Roulet, W. Eugster, E. Kasischke, E.B. Rastetter, S.A. Zimov, S.W. Running. (2000) Arctic and boreal ecosystems of western North America as components of the climate system. Global Change Biology 6(suppl.1):211-223.

Chase, T., R. Pielke Sr., T. Kittel, R. Nemani, S. Running. (2000) Simulated impacts of historical land cover changes on global climate in northern winter. Climate Dynamics 16:93-105.

Canadell, J.G., H.A. Mooney, D.D. Baldocchi, J.A. Berry, J.R. Ehleringer, C.B. Field, S.T. Gower, D.Y. Hollinger, J.E. Hunt, R.B. Jackson, S.W. Running, G.R. Shaver, W. Steffen, S.E. Trumbore, R. Valentini, B.Y. Bond. (2000) Carbon Metabolism of the Terrestrial Biosphere: A Multitechnique Approach for Improved Understanding. Ecosystems 3:115-130.

Churkina, G., S. Running. (2000) Investigating the Balance Between Timber Harvest and Productivity of Global Coniferous Forests Under Global Change. Climatic Change 47:167-191.

Keyser, A.R., J.S. Kimball, R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running. (2000) Simulating the effects of climate change on the carbon balance of North American high-latitude forests. Global Change Biology 6(suppl.1):185-195.

Kimball, J.S., A.R. Keyser, S.W. Running, S.S. Saatchi. (2000) Regional assessment of boreal forest productivity using an ecological process model and remote sensing parameter maps. Tree Physiology 20:761-775.

Nemani, R.R., M.A. White, D.R. Cayan, G.V. Jones, S.W. Running. (2000) Predicting Vintage Quantity and Quality in Coastal California Using Pacific Sea Surface Temperatures, pp. 171-177. In: Proceedings of International Forum on Climate Prediction, Agriculture and Development. IRI, Palisades, NY, April 2000.

Running, S.W. (2000) Why the earth observing system matters to all of us. The Earth Observer 12 (1):9-10.

Running, S., L. Queen, M. Thornton. (2000) The Earth Observing System and Forest Management. Journal of Forestry 98(6):29-31.

Running, S.W., P.E. Thornton, R.R. Nemani, J.M. Glassy. (2000) Global Terrestrial Gross and Net Primary Productivity from the Earth Observing System, pp. 44-57. In: Methods in Ecosystem Science. O.E. Sala, R.B. Jackson, H.A. Mooney, R.W. Howarth (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, NY.

Running, S.W., J.B. Way, K.C. McDonald, J.S. Kimball, S. Frolking, A.R. Keyser, R. Zimmerman. (2000) Radar Remote Sensing Proposed for Monitoring Freeze-Thaw Transitions in Boreal Regions. Earth in Space 12(5):1-16.

Schimel, D., J. Melillo, H. Tian, A.D. McGuire, D. Kicklighter, T. Kittel, N. Rosenbloom, S. Running, P. Thornton, D. Ojima, W. Parton, R. Kelly, M. Sykes, R. Neilson, B. Rizzo. (2000) Contribution of Increasing CO2 and Climate to Carbon Storage by Ecosystems in the United States. Science 287:2004-2006.

Tian, Y., Y. Zhang, Y. Knyazikhin, R.B. Myneni, J.M. Glassy, G. Dedieu, S.W. Running. (2000) Prototyping of MODIS LAI and FPAR Algorithm with LASUR and LANDSAT Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 38(5):2387-2401.

White, M.A., G.P. Asner, R.R. Nemani, J.L. Privette, S.W. Running. (2000) Measuring Fractional Cover and Leaf Area Index in Arid Ecosystems: Digital Camera, Radiation Transmittance, and Laser Altimetry Methods. Remote Sensing of Environment 74:45-57.

White, M.A., M.D. Schwartz, S.W. Running. (2000) Young Students, Satellites Aid Understanding of Climate-Biosphere Link. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 81(1):1-5.

White, M.A., P.E. Thornton, S.W. Running, R.R. Nemani. (2000) Parameterization and Sensitivity Analysis of the BIOME-BGC Terrestrial Ecosystem Model: Net Primary Production Controls. Earth Interactions 4(3):1-85.

Hasenaur, H., R.R. Nemani, K. Schadauer, S.W. Running. (1999) Forest growth response to changing climate between 1961 and 1990 in Austria. Forest Ecology and Management 122:209-219.

Churkina, G., S.W. Running, A.L. Schloss. (1999) Comparing global models of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP): the importance of water availability. Global Change Biology 5(suppl.1):46-55.

Frolking, S., K.C. McDonald, J.S. Kimball, J.B. Way, R. Zimmerman, S.W. Running. (1999) Using the space-borne NASA scatterometer (NSCAT) to determine the frozen and thawed seasons of a boreal landscape. Journal of Geophysical Research 104(D22):27,895-27,907.

Hasenauer, H., R.R. Nemani, K. Schadauer, S.W. Running. (1999) Climate variations and tree growth between 1961 and 1995 in Austria, pp. 75-86. In: Proceedings of a Workshop on Causes and Consequences of Accelerating Tree Growth in Europe. T. Karjalainen, H. Spiecker, O. Laroussinie, (Eds.), INRA (French National Institute for Agronomic Research) November 27, 1999.

Kimball, J.S., S.W. Running, S.S. Saatchi. (1999) Sensitivity of boreal forest regional water flux and net primary production simulations to sub-grid-scale land cover complexity. Journal of Geophysical Research 104 (D22):27,789-27,801.

Nemani, R.R., S.W. Running, P.E. Thornton, J.G. Glassy. (1999) Monitoring terrestrial net primary production during NASA/WOS era, pp. 65-68. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Global Environmental Monitoring, Tsukasa, Japan, March 9-11, 1999.

Running, S.W., D.D. Baldocchi, D.P. Turner, S.T. Gower, P.S. Bakwin, K.A. Hibbard. (1999) A Global Terrestrial Monitoring Network Integrating Tower Fluxes, Flask Sampling, Ecosystem Modeling and EOS Satellite Data. Remote Sensing of Environment 70:108-127.

Running, S.W., G.J. Collatz, J. Washburne, S. Sorooshian. (1999) Land ecosystems and hydrology. NP-1998-12-069-GSFC. EOS Science Plan, Chapter 5:197-260.

Running, S.W., J.B. Way, K.C. McDonald. (1999) Radar Remote Sensing Proposed for Monitoring Freeze-Thaw Transitions in Boreal Regions. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 80(19):213, 220-221.

Thornton, P.E., S.W. Running. (1999) An improved algorithm for estimating incident daily solar radiation from measurements of temperature, humidity, and precipitation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 93:211-228.

Waring, R.H., S.W. Running. (1999) Remote Sensing Requirements to Drive Ecosystem Models at the Landscape and Regional Scale, In: Integrating Hydrology, Ecosystem Dynamics and Biogeochemistry in Complex Landscapes. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., NY. 23-48

White, M. A., S.W. Running, P.E. Thornton. (1999) The Impact of growing-season length variability on carbon assimilation and evapotranspiration over 88 years in the eastern US deciduous forest. International Journal of Biometeorology 42:139-145.

Churkina, G., S.W. Running. (1998) Contrasting Climatic Controls on the Estimated Productivity of Global Terrestrial Biomes. Ecosystems 1:206-215.

Cienciala, E., S.W. Running, A. Lindroth, A. Grelle, M.G. Ryan. (1998) Analysis of carbon and water fluxes from the NOPEX boreal forest: comparison of measurements with FOREST-BGC simulations. Journal of Hydrology 212-213:62-78.

Hutjes, R., P. Kabat, S. Running, W. Shuttleworth, C. Field, B. Bass, M. da Silva Dias, R. Avissar, A. Becker, M. Claussen, A. Dolman, R. Feddes, M. Fosberg, Y. Fukushima, J. Gash, L. Guenni, H. Joff, P. Jarvis, I. Kayane, A. Krenke, C. Liu, M. Meybeck, C. Nobre, L. Oyebande, A. Pitman, R. Pielke Sr., M. Raupach, B. Saugier, E. Schulze, P. Sellers, J. Tenhunen, R. Valentini, R. Victoria, C. Vőrősmarty. (1998) Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle. Journal of Hydrology 212-213:1-21.

Justice, C., E. Vermote, J. Townshend, R. Defries, D. Roy, D. Hall, V. Salomonson, J. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. Myneni, Y. Kńyazikhin, S. Running, R. Nemiani, Z. Wan, A. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley. (1998) The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): Land Remote Sensing for Global Change Research. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 36(4):1228-1249.

Knyazikhin, Y., J.V. Martonchik, R.B. Myneni, D.J. Diner, S.W. Running. (1998) Synergistic algorithm for estimating vegetation canopy leaf area index and fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation from MODIS and MISR data. Journal of Geophysical Research 103(D24): 32,257-32,274.

Lauenroth, W.K., C.D. Canham, A.P. Kinzig, K.A. Poiani, W.M. Kemp, S.W. Running. (1998) Simulation Modeling in Ecosystem Science, chapter 16, pp. 404-415. In: Successes, Limitations, and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science. M. L. Pace, P. M. Groffman (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, New York.

Pan, Y., J. Melillo, A. McGuire, D. Kicklighter, L. Pitelka, K. Hibbard, L. Pierce, S. Running, D. Ojima, W. Parton, D. Schimel. (1998) Modeled responses of terrestrial ecosystems to elevated atmospheric CO2: a comparison of simulations by the biogeochemistry models of the Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP). Oecologia 114:389-404.

Running, S.W. (1998) A Blueprint for Improved Global Change Monitoring of the Terrestrial Biosphere. The Earth Observer 10:8-13.

Running, S.W. (1998) Book Review – Scaling-up from cell to landscape. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 92:71-72.

Waring, R., S.W. Running. (1998) Forest Ecosystems: Analysis at Multiple Scales. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

White, J.D., S.W. Running, P.E. Thornton, R.E. Keane, K.C. Ryan, D.B. Fagre, C.H. Key. (1998) Assessing Simulated Ecosystem Processes for Climate Variability Research at Glacier National Park, USA. Ecological Applications 8(3):805-823.

Coughlan, J.C., S.W. Running. (1997) Regional ecosystem simulation: A general model for simulating snow accumulation and melt in mountainous terrain. Landscape Ecology 12:119-136.

Fagre, D.B., P.L. Comanor, J.D. White, F. R. Hauer, S. W. Running. (1997) Watershed responses to climate change at Glacier National Park. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 33(4):755-765.

Kimball, J.S., S.W. Running, R.R. Nemani. (1997) An improved method for estimating surface humidity from daily minimum temperature. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 85:87-98.

Kimball, J.S., P.E. Thornton, M.A. White, S.W. Running. (1997) Simulating forest productivity and surface-atmosphere carbon exchange in the BOREAS study region. Tree Physiology 17:589-599.

Kimball, J.S., M.A. White, S.W. Running. (1997) BIOME-BGC simulations of stand hydrologic processes for BOREAS. Journal of Geophysical Research 102(D24):29,043-29,051.

Myneni, R.B., R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running. (1997) Estimation of Global Leaf Area Index and Absorbed Par Using Radiative Transfer Models. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 35(6):1380-1393.

Nemani, R.R., S.W. Running. (1997) Land Cover Characterization Using Multitemporal Red, Near-IR, and Thermal-IR Data from NOAA/AVHRR. Ecological Applications 7(1):79-90.

Schimel, D.S., S.W. Running (VEMAP Participant), B. H. Braswell. (1997) Continental Scale Variability in Ecosystem Processes: Models, Data, and the Role of Disturbance. Ecological Monographs 67:251-271.

Thornton, P.E., S.W. Running, M.A. White. (1997) Generating surfaces of daily meteorological variables over large regions of complex terrain. Journal of Hydrology 190:214-251.

White, M.A., P.E. Thornton, S. W. Running. (1997) A continental phenology model for monitoring vegetation responses to inter-annual climatic variability. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 11:217-234.

White, J.D., S.W. Running, R.R. Nemani, R.E. Keane, K.C. Ryan. (1997) Measurement and remote sensing of LAI in Rocky Mountain montane ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27:1714-1727.

Baldocchi, D., R. Valentini, S. Running, W. Oechel, R. Dahlman. (1996) Strategies for measuring and modelling carbon dioxide and water vapour fluxes over terrestrial ecosystems. Global Change Biology 2:159-168.

Chase, T.N., R.A. Pielke, T.G.F. Kittel, R. Nemani, S.W. Running. (1996) Sensitivity of a general circulation model to global changes in leaf area index. Journal of Geophysical Research 101(D3):7393-7408.

Coughlan, J.C., S.W. Running. (1996) Biophysical aggregations of a forested landscape using an ecological diagnostic system. Transactions in GIS 1(1):25-39.

Hunt, E.R. Jr., S.C. Piper, R.R. Nemani, C.D. Keeling, R.D. Otto, S.W. Running. (1996) Global net carbon exchange and intra-annual atmospheric CO2 concentrations predicted by an ecosystem process model and three-dimensional atmospheric transport model. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10(3):431-456.

Keane, R.E., P. Morgan, S.W. Running. (1996) FIRE-BGC -- A Mechanistic Ecological Process Model for Simulating Fire Succession on Coniferous Forest Landscapes of the Northern Rocky Mountains, pp. 1-122. USDA Forest Service Research Paper INT-RP-484.

Keane, R.E., K.C. Ryan, S.W. Running. (1996) Simulating effects of fire on northern Rocky Mountain landscapes with the ecological process model FIRE-BGC. Tree Physiology 16:319-331.

Korol, R.L., K.S. Milner, S.W. Running. (1996) Testing a Mechanistic Model for Predicting Stand and Tree Growth. Forest Science 42(2):139-153.

Kremer, R.G., E.R. Hunt, Jr, S.W. Running, J.C. Coughlan. (1996) Simulating vegetational and hydrologic responses to natural climatic variation and GCM-predicted climate change in a semi-arid ecosystem in Washington, USA. Journal of Arid Environments 33:23-38.

Kremer, R.G., S.W. Running. (1996) Simulating seasonal soil water balance in contrasting semi-arid vegetation communities. Ecological Modelling 84:151-162.

Milner, K.S., S.W. Running, D.W. Coble. (1996) A biophysical soil-site model for estimating potential productivity of forested landscapes. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26:1174-1186.

Neilson, R.P., S.W. Running. (1996) Global dynamic vegetation modelling: coupling biogeochemistry and biogeography models. Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems 23: 451-465.

Nemani, R., S.W. Running. (1996) Implementation of a hierarchical global vegetation classification in ecosystem function models. Journal of Vegetation Science 7:337-346.

Nemani, R., S.W. Running, R.A. Pielke, T.N. Chase. (1996) Global vegetation cover changes from coarse resolution satellite data. Journal of Geophysical Research 101(D3):7157-7162.

Running, S.W., R. Nemani, K. Hibbard, G. Churkina. (1996) The influence of landcover change on global terrestrial biogeochemistry pp. 6-9. In: Proceedings of IGBP/BAHC-LUCC Joint Inter-Core Projects Symposium on Interactions Between the Hydrological Cycle and Land Use/Cover. IGBP/BAHC SSC Environment Agency of Japan, Kyoto, Japan, Nov. 4-7, 1996.

Running, S.W., P.E. Thornton. (1996) Generating Daily Surfaces of Temperature and Precipitation over Complex Topography, pp.93-98. In: GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues. Goodchild, M., Steyaert, L., Parks, B., Johnston, C., Maidment, D., Crane, M. Glendinning, S. (Eds.), GIS World, Inc., Fort Collins, CO.

Valentini, R., D. Baldocchi, S. Running. (1996) The IGBP-BAHC global flux network initiative (FLUXNET): Current status and perspectives. Global Change Newsletter 28:14-16.

White, J.D., K.C. Ryan, C.C. Key, S.W. Running. (1996) Remote Sensing of Forest Fire Severity and Vegetation Recovery. International Journal of Wildland Fire 6(3):125-136.

Zheng, D., E.R. Hunt, Jr., S.W. Running. (1996) Comparison of available soil water capacity estimated from topography and soil series information. Landscape Ecology 11(1):3-14.

Korol, R.L., S.W. Running, K.S. Milner. (1995) Incorporating inter tree competition into an ecosystem model. Canadian Journal Forest Research 25:413-424.

Nemani, R., S.W. Running. (1995) Satellite Monitoring of Global Land Cover Changes and Their Impact on Climate. Climatic Change 31:395-413.

Pierce, L.L., S.W. Running. (1995) The effects of aggregating sub-grid land surface variation on large-scale estimates of net primary production. Landscape Ecology 10(4):239-253.

Running, S.W., T.R. Loveland, L.L. Pierce, R.R. Nemani, E.R. Hunt Jr. (1995) A Remote Sensing Based Vegetation Classification Logic for Global Land Cover Analysis. Remote Sensing of Environment 51:39-48.

Ryan, M.G., S.T. Gower, R.M. Hubbard, R.H. Waring, H.L. Gholz, W.P. Cropper Jr., S.W. Running. (1995) Woody tissue maintenance respiration of four conifers in contrasting climates. Oecologia 101:133-140.

VEMAP Members. (1995). Vegetation/ecosystem modeling and analysis project: Comparing biogeography and biogeochemistry models in a continental-scale study of terrestrial ecosystem responses to climate change and CO2 doubling. Global Biogeochemical Cycling 9(4):407-437.

Baron, J., R. Pielke, B. Parton, L. Band, S. Running. (1994) Dynamic land surface/atmospheric parameterization at different spatial scales in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, pp. 34-36. In: Proceedings of Workshop on the Use of Hydrological Models for Evaluating the Impacts of Climate Change in Snowmelt Water Supply Basins. P.H. Gleick, A. Rango, K. Cooley, (Eds.), SanteFe, NM, April 1993. Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security. Oakland, CA.

Ford, R., S.W. Running, R.R. Nemani. (1994) A Modular System for Scalable Ecological Modeling. IEEE Computational Science and Engineering 1:32-44.

Glassy, J.M., S.W.Running. (1994) Validating Diurnal Climatology Logic of the MT-CLIM Logic Across a Climatic Gradient in Oregon. Ecological Applications 4(2):248-257.

Pierce, L.L., S.W.Running, J. Walker. (1994) Regional-scale relationships of leaf area index to specific leaf area and leaf nitrogen content. Ecological Applications 4(2):313-321.

Running, S.W. (1994) Testing FOREST-BGC Ecosystem Process Simulations Across a Climatic Gradient in Oregon. Ecological Applications 4(2):238-247.

Running, S.W., C.O. Justice, V. Salomonson, D. Hall, J. Barker, Y.J. Kaufmann, A.H. Strahler, A.R. Huete, J.-P. Muller, V. Vanderbilt, Z.M. Wan, P. Teillet, D. Carneggie. (1994) Terrestrial remote sensing science and algorithms planned for EOS/MODIS. International Journal of Remote Sensing 15(17):3587-3620.

Running, S.W., T.R. Loveland, L.L.Pierce. (1994) A Vegetation Classification Logic Based on Remote Sensing for Use in Global Biogeochemical Models. Ambio 23(1): 77-81.

White, J.D., S.W. Running. (1994) Testing scale dependent assumptions in regional ecosystem simulations. Journal of Vegetation Science 5:687-702.

Band, L.E., P. Patterson, R.R. Nemani, S.W.Running. (1993) Forest ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: Incorporating hillslope hydrology. Agricultural Forest Meteorology 63:93-126.

Friend, A.D., H.H. Shugart, S.W.Running. (1993) A Physiology-Based Gap Model of Forest Dynamics. Ecology 74(3):792-797.

Gower, S.T., B.E. Haynes, K.S. Fassnacht, S.W. Running, E.R. Hunt Jr. (1993) Influence of fertilization on the allometric relations for two pines in contrasting environments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23:1704-1711.

Kremer, R.G., S.W. Running. (1993) Community Type Differentiation Using NOAA/AVHRR Data within a Sagebrush-Steppe Ecosystem. Remote Sensing of Environment 46:311-318.

Nemani, R., L. Pierce, S. Running, L. Band,. (1993) Forest ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: sensitivity to remotely sensed Leaf Area Index estimates. International Journal of Remote Sensing 14(13):2519-2534.

Nemani, R.R., L. Pierce, S.W. Running, S. Goward. (1993) Developing Satellite-Derived Estimates of Surface Moisture Status. Journal of Applied Meteorology 32(3): 548-557.

Nemani, R.R., S.W. Running, L.E. Band, D.L. Peterson. (1993) Regional Hydroecological Simulation System: An Illustration of the Integration of Ecosystem Models in a GIS, pp. 296-304. In: Environmental Modeling with GIS. M.F.Goodchild, B.O.Parks, L.T.Steyart (Eds.), Oxford University Press, New York.

Pierce, L.L., J. Walker, T.I. Dowling, T.R. McVicar, T.J. Hatton, S.W. Running, J.C. Coughlan. (1993) Ecohydrological changes in the Murray-Darling Basin. III. A simulation of regional hydrological changes. Journal of Applied Ecology 30:283-294.

Running, S.W. (1993) Modeling Terrestrial Carbon Cycles at Varying Temporal and Spatial Resolutions, volume I 15, pp. 201-217. In: The Global Carbon Cycle. NATO ASI Series. M. Heimann (Ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Running, S.W., E.R. Hunt Jr. (1993) Generalization of a Forest Ecosystem Process Model for Other Biomes, BIOME-BGC, and an Application for Global-Scale Models, pp. 141-158. In: Scaling Physiological Processes: Leaf to Globe. J.R. Ehleringer, C. Field (Eds.), Academic Press.

Running, S.W., K.S. Milner. (1993) Extrapolating Forest Ecosystem Processes from Tree to Landscape Scales, pp 1-15. In: Modeling Sustainable Forest Ecosystems. D.C.LeMaster, R.A.Sedjo (Eds.), American Forests, Washington, D.C.

Zheng, D., E.R. Hunt Jr., S.W. Running. (1993) A daily soil temperature model based on air temperature and precipitation for continental applications. Climate Research 2:183-191.

Baron, J., R.A. Pielke, W.J. Parton, D.S. Ojima, T.B. Kirchner, S.W. Running, T.G.F. Kittel. (1992) Dynamic Land Surface/Atmospheric Parameterization for the South Platte River Drainage, pp. 273-282. In: Managing Water Resources During Global Change. R. Herrmann (Ed.), American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, MD.

Hunt, E.R. Jr., S.W. Running. (1992) Effects of Climate and Lifeform on Dry Matter Yield from Simulations using BIOME-BGC, pp. 1631-1633. In: Proceedings of International Geosciences and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS, Houston, TX, May 26-29, 1992.

Hunt, E.R. Jr., S.W. Running. (1992) Simulated Dry Matter Yields for Aspen and Spruce Stands in the North American Boreal Forest. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 18(3):126-133.

Running, S.W. (1992) A Bottom-Up Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling Theory, and Ideas toward Global Vegetation Modeling, volume 3, pp 263-280. In: Modeling the Earth System. D. Ojima (Ed.), Univ. Corp. for Atmospheric Research, Office for Interdisciplinary Earth Studies, Global Change Institute, Boulder, CO.

Band, L.E., D.L. Peterson, S.W. Running, J. Coughlan, R. Lammers, J. Dungan, R. Nemani. (1991) Forest ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: basis for distributed simulation. Ecological Modelling 56:171-196.

Hunt, E.R. Jr., F.C. Martin, S.W. Running. (1991) Simulating the effects of climatic variation on stem carbon accumulation of a ponderosa pine stand: comparison with annual growth increment data. Tree Physiology 9:161-171.

Hunt, E.R. Jr., S.W. Running, C.A. Federer. (1991) Extrapolating plant water flow resistances and capacitances to regional scales. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 54:169-195. (Invited Paper)

Korol, R.L., S.W. Running, K.S. Milner, E.R. Hunt, Jr. (1991) Testing a mechanistic carbon balance model against observed tree growth. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21:1098-1105.

Riggs, G.A., S.W. Running. (1991) Detection of Canopy Water Stress in Conifers Using the Airborne Imaging Spectrometer. Remote Sensing of Environment 35:51-68.

Roughgarden, J., S.W. Running, P.A. Matson. (1991) What does remote sensing do for ecology? Ecology 72(6):1918-1922.

Running, S.W. (1991) Computer Simulation of Regional Evaportranspiration by Integrating Landscape Biophysical Attributes with Satellite Data, pp 359-369. In: Land Surface Evaporation: Measurement and Parameterization. T. J. Schmugge, J.C. Andre (Eds.) Springer-Verlag, NY. (Invited paper)

Running, S.W., S.T. Gower. (1991) FOREST-BGC, A general model of forest ecosystem processes for regional applications. II. Dynamic carbon allocation and nitrogen budgets. Tree Physiology 9:147-160.

Running, S.W., R.R. Nemani. (1991) Regional Hydrologic and Carbon Balance Responses of Forests Resulting from Potential Climate Change. Climatic Change 19:349-368.

Higgins, S.S., F.E. Larsen, S.W. Running. (1990) Modelled Predictions of Transpiration and Carbon Balance for Simulated Stands of Conifer, Olive, and Peach in Jordan. Acta Horticulture 276:157-164.

Hunt, E.R. Jr., S.W. Running. (1990) Problems with Scaling Leaf Water Relations to Regional Scales, pp. 1259-1262. In: Proceedings of 1990 International Geosciences and Remote Sensing Symposium.

McMurtrie, R.E., M.L. Benson, S. Linder, S.W. Running, T. Talsma, W.J.B. Crane, B.J. Myers. (1990) Water/Nutrient Interactions Affecting the Productivity of Stands of Pinus radiata. Forest Ecology and Management 30:415-423.

Pierce, L.L., S.W. Running, G.A. Riggs. (1990) Remote Detection of Canopy Water Stress in Coniferous Forests Using the NS001 Thematic Mapper Simulator and the Thermal Infrared Multispectral Scanner. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 56: 579-586.

Riggs, G.A., S.W.Running. (1990) Canopy Water Stress Detection in Conifers Using the Airborne Imaging Spectrometer, pp. 893-896. In: Proceedings of1990 International Geosciences and Remote Sensing Symposium.

Running, S.W. (1990) Estimating Terrestrial Primary Productivity by Combining Remote Sensing and Ecosystem Simulation, pp. 65-86. In: Ecological Studies: Remote Sensing of Biosphere Functioning. R.J. Hobbs, H.A. Mooney. (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, NY. (Invited paper)

Running, S.W. (1990) A modified integrated NDVI for improving estimates of terrestrial net primary production. In: Proceedings of Society of Optical Engineering, Orlando, FL, April 17-21,1990.

Running, S.W., J.C. Coughlan, D.L. Peterson, L.E. Band. (1990) Mapping Regional Forest Evapotranspiration and Photosynthesis by Coupling Satellite Data with Ecosystem Simulation, pp. 265-268. In: Proceedings of 1990 International Geosciences and Remote Sensing.

Spanner, M.A., L.L. Pierce, D.L. Peterson, S.W. Running. (1990) Remote sensing of temperate coniferous forest leaf area index: The influence of canopy closure, understory vegetation and background reflectance. International Journal of Remote Sensing 11(1):95-111.

Spanner, M.A., L.L. Pierce, S.W. Running, D.L. Peterson. (1990) The Seasonality of AVHRR Data of Temperate Coniferous Forests: Relationship with Leaf Area Index. Remote Sensing of Environment 33:97-112.

Coughlan, J.C., S.W. Running. (1989) An Expert System to Aggregate Biophysical Attributes of a Forested Landscape within a Geographic Information System. Artificial Intelligence Applications in Natural Resource Management 3(4):35-43.

Hungerford, R.D., R.R. Nemani, S.W. Running, J.C. Coughlan. (1989) MTCLIM: A Mountain Microclimate Simulation Model, pp.1- 52. USDA Forest Service. INT Res. Paper INT 414.

Nemani, R.R., S.W. Running. (1989) Estimation of Regional Surface Resistance to Evapotranspiration from NDVI and Thermal-IR AVHRR data. Journal of Applied Meteorology 28(4):276-284.

Nemani, R.R., S.W. Running. (1989) Testing a Theoretical Climate-Soil-Leaf Area Hydrologic Equilibrium of Forests Using Satellite Data and Ecosystem Simulation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 44:245-260.

Peterson, D.L., S.W. Running, J.D. Aber. (1989) Analysis of airborne multi-spectral imagery for forest ecosystem parameters. In: Proceedings of 3rd Interagency Airborne Science Workshop. La Jolla, CA, Feb. 21-24, 1989.

Running, S.W., R.R. Nemani, D.L. Peterson, L.E. Band, D.F. Potts, L.L. Pierce, M.A. Spanner. (1989) Mapping Regional Forest Evapotranspiration and Photosynthesis by Coupling Satellite Data with Ecosystem Simulation. Ecology 70(4):1090-1101.

McLeod, S.D., S.W. Running. (1988) Comparing site quality indices and productivity of ponderosa pine stands in western Montana. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18:346-352.

McLeod, S., S.W. Running. (1988) Site quality estimation of ponderosa pine stands in Montana, pp. 273-275. In: Ponderosa Pine: The Species and Its Management. Washington University, Ext Bull.

Peterson, D.L., S.W. Running. (1988) Applications in Forest Science and Management, Ch.10, pp. 429-463. In: Theory and Applications of Optical Remote Sensing. J.Wiley and Sons. (Invited paper)

Pierce, L. L., S.W. Running. (1988) Rapid Estimation of Coniferous Forest Leaf Area Index Using a Portable Integrating Radiometer. Ecology 69(6):1762-1767.

Running, S.W., J.C. Coughlan. (1988) A General Model of Forest Ecosystem Processes for Regional Applications. Ecological Modelling 42:125-154.

Running, S.W., R.R. Nemani. (1988) Relating Seasonal Patterns of the AVHRR Vegetation Index to Simulated Photosynthesis and Transpiration of Forests in Different Climates. Remote Sensing of the Environment 24:347-367.

Peterson, D.L., M.A. Spanner, S.W. Running, K.B. Teuber. (1987) Relationship of Thematic Mapper Simulator Data to Leaf Area Index of Temperate Coniferous Forests. Remote Sensing of the Environment 22:323-341.

Riggs, G., S.W. Running. (1987) Measuring near‑infrared spectral reflectance changes from water‑stressed conifer stands with AIS‑2, pp 100-104. In: Proceedings of 3rd Airborne Imaging Spectrometer Workshop. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, June 2‑4, 1987.

Running, S.W., B.D. Donner. (1987) Water stress response after thinning lodgepole pine stands in Montana, pp. 111-117. In: Management of Small-Stem Stands of Lodgepole Pine. U.S. Forest Service Int F.R.E.S. Gen Tech. Rep. INT-237. (Invited paper)

Running, S.W., R.R. Nemani, R.D. Hungerford. (1987) Extrapolation of synoptic meteorological data in mountainous terrain and its use for simulating forest evapotranspiration and photosynthesis. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17(6):472-483.

Spanner, M.A., D.L. Peterson, S.W. Running, L.L. Pierce. (1987) The relationship of AVHRR data to the leaf area index of western coniferous forests, pp. 358-359. In: Proceedings of NASA Life Sciences Symposium, Three Decades of Life Sciences Research in Space, Wash., D.C., June 21-26, 1987.

McLeod, S.D., S.W. Running. (1987) Comparing site quality indices and productivity in ponderosa pine stands of Western Montana. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18: 346-352.

Donner, B.L., S.W. Running. (1986) Water Stress Response After Thinning Pinus contorta Stands in Montana. Forest Science 32(3): 614‑625.

Running, S.W. (1986) Global Primary Production from Terrestrial Vegetation: Estimates Integrating Satellite Remote Sensing and Computer Simulation Technology. The Science of the Total Environment 56:233‑242. (Invited paper).

Running, S.W., D.L. Peterson, M.A. Spanner, K.B. Teuber. (1986) Remote Sensing of Coniferous Forest Leaf Area. Ecology 67(1): 273‑276.

Running, S.W. (1985) Global Primary Production from Terrestrial Vegetation: Estimates Integrating Satellite Remote Sensing and Computer Simulation Technology. In: Proceedings of Man’s Role in Changing the Global Environment. The Science of the Total Environment, Venice, Italy, Oct. 21-26, 1985.

Knight, D.H., T.J. Fahey, S.W. Running. (1985) Water and Nutrient Outflow from Contrasting Lodgepole Pine Forests in Wyoming. Ecological Monographs 55(1):29‑48.

Nemani, R.R., S.W. Running. (1985) Use of Synoptic Weather Data to Drive Ecological Models, pp. 252‑255. In: Proceedings of 17th Conference On Agriculture and Forest Meteorology. American Meteorological Society, May 20‑24, 1985. Phoenix, AZ.

Peterson, D.L., P.A. Matson, J.G. Lawless, J.D. Aber, P.M. Vitousek, S.W. Running. (1985) Biogeochemical Cycling in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Modeling, Measurement, and Remote Sensing, pp. 1-13. In: Proceedings of 36th Astronautical Federation, Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7-11, 1985.

Running, S.W., R.R. Nemani. (1985) Topographic and Microclimate Control of Simulated Photosynthesis and Transpiration in Coniferous Trees. In: Proceedings of 3rd IUFRO Workshop. Eidg. Anst. Forstl. Versuchswes., Ber. 270:53‑60 (Invited paper).

Vance, N.C., S.W. Running. (1985) Light reduction and moisture stress: effects on growth and water relations of western larch seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 15:72‑77.

Vance, N.C., S.W. Running. (1985) Summer Climatic Influences on Pinus ponderosa Planted on Mined Lands in Eastern Montana. Reclamation and Revegetation Research 4:129‑143.

Botkin, D.B., S.W. Running. (1984) Role of Vegetation in the Biosphere, pp. 326‑332. In: Proceedings of 10th International Symposium on Machine Processing of Remotely Sensed Data, Purdue University, June 12‑14, 1984. (Invited paper)

Graham, J.S., S.W. Running. (1984) Relative control of air temperature and water status on seasonal transpiration of Pinus contorta. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 14(6):833‑838.

Running, S.W. (1984) Microclimate Control of Forest Productivity: Analysis by Computer Simulation of Annual Photosynthesis/Transpiration Balance in Different Environments. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 32:267‑288.

Running, S.W. (1984) Documentation and Preliminary Validation of H2OTRANS and DAYTRANS, Two Models for Predicting Transpiration and Water Stress in Western Coniferous Forests. USDA Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station Research Paper RM‑252. pp.1-45.

Spanner, M., D. Peterson, M. Hall, R. Wrigley, D. Card, S. Running. (1984) Atmospheric effects on the remote sensing estimation of forest leaf area index. In: Proceedings of 18th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment. Paris, France. Oct. 1‑5, 1984.

Spanner, M., K. Teuber, W. Acevedo, D. Peterson, S. Running, D. Card, D. Mouat. (1984) Remote sensing of the leaf area index of temperate coniferous forests, pp. 362‑370. In: Proceedings 10th Inter‑national Symposium on Machine Processing of Remotely Sensed Data, Purdue University, June 12‑14, 1984.

Cole, C.V., J. Hanson, S.W. Running. (1983) State‑of‑the‑art in applications of ecological models to land resources. pp. 978‑988. In: Developments in Environmental Modeling. W.K. Lauenroth, G.V. Skogerboe, M. Flug, (Eds.), Elsevier Publishing Company. (Invited paper)

Peterson, D.L., D.A. Mouat, S.W. Running. (1983) Characterization of Terrestrial Ecosystems for Biogeochemical Studies Using Remote Sensing, pp.1-6. In: Proceedings of International Geosciences and Remote Sensing Symposium, August 31‑Sept. 2, 1983, San Francisco, CA.

Running, S.W. (1983) A Biophysical Assessment of the Regeneration and Growth Potential of Forested Lands in Montana, pp. 58‑75. In: Management of Second Growth Forests: The State of Knowledge and Research Needs. J. O'Loughlin, R.D Pfister, (Eds.), School of Forestry, University of Montana, Missoula, MT. (Invited paper)

Running, S.W., R.D. Hungerford. (1983) Spatial Extrapolation of Meteorological Data for Ecosystem Modeling Applications, pp. 192‑195. In: Proceedings of 16th Conference on Agriculture and Forest Meteorology. American Meteorology Society, Ft. Collins, CO, April 25‑29, 1983.

Running, S.W., D.H. Knight, T.J. Fahey. (1983) Description and Application of H20TRANS: A Stand Level Hydrologic Model for Western Coniferous Forests. Developments in Environmental Modelling 5, pp. 489‑495. In: Analysis of Ecological Systems: State‑of‑the‑Art in Ecological Modeling. W.K. Lauenroth, G.V. Skogerboe, M. Flug, (Eds.), Elsevier Publishing Company.

Running, S.W. (1982) Insolation and Heat Effects on Tree Seedlings on Newly Cleared Sites, pp. 87‑92. In: Site Preparation and Fuels Management on Steep Terrain. Washington State University Cooperative Extension Publication. (Invited paper)

Knight, D.H., T.J. Fahey, S.W. Running, A.T. Harrison, L.L. Wallace. (1981) Transpiration From 100‑year‑old Lodgepole Pine Forests Estimated with Whole‑Tree Potometers. Ecology 62(3):717‑726.

Running, S.W. (1981) The Influence of Microclimate on Forest Productivity: A System to Predict the Biophysical Site Quality of Forest Land, pp. 297‑316. In: Proceedings of Computer Techniques and Meterological Data Applied to Problems of Agriculture and Forestry: A Workshop. American Meteorological Society, Anaheim, CA, March 30-31, 1981. (Invited paper)

Running, S.W. (1981) Plant Stress Physiology in Reclamation. Western Wildlands 7(3):15-17.

Running, S.W. (1980) Environmental and physiological control of water flux through Pinus contorta. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 10(1):82‑91.

Running, S.W. (1980) Field Estimates of Root and Xylem Resistances in Pinus contorta using Root Excision. Journal of Experimental Botany 31(121):555‑569.

Running, S.W. (1980) Relating Plant Capacitance to the Water Relations of Pinus contorta. Forest Ecology and Management 2: 237‑252.

Running, S.W., C.P. Reid. (1980) Soil Temperature Influences on Root Resistance of Pinus contorta Seedlings. Plant Physiology 65: 635‑640.

McDonald, S., S.W. Running. (1979) Monitoring Irrigation in Western Forest Tree Nurseries. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Report RM‑61, pp.1-8. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO.

Running, S.W. (1979) An ET Model Controlled by Physiological Processes for Coniferous Forests, pp.107-110. In: Proceedings of 14th Conference on Agriculture and Forest Meteorology. American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, April 2-6, 1979.

Hinckley, T.M., J.P. Lassoie, S.W. Running. (1978) Temporal and Spatial Variations in the Water Status of Forest Trees. Supplement to Forest Science 24 (3):1-72.

Running, S.W. (1978) A Process Oriented Model for Live Fuel Moisture, pp. 24‑28 In: Proceedings of 5th Joint Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology. American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, Mar. 14-16, 1978.

Waring, R.H., S.W. Running. (1978) Sapwood water storage: Its contribution to transpiration and effect upon water conductance through the stems of old growth Douglas-fir. Plant, Cell and Environment 1:131‑140.

Grier, C., S.W. Running. (1977) Leaf Area of Mature Northwestern Coniferous Forests: Relation to Site Water Balance. Ecology 58(4): 893‑899.

Running, S.W. (1976) Environmental control of leaf water conductance in conifers. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 6(1): 104‑112.

Waring, R.H., S.W. Running. (1976) Water Uptake, Storage and Transpiration by Conifers: A Physiological Model. Ecological Studies, Chapter 19, pp. 189‑202. In: Water and Plant Life, Analysis and Synthesis. O.L. Lange, L. Kappen, E.D. Schulze (Eds.), Springer‑Verlag, Berlin.

Drew, A.P., S.W. Running. (1975) Comparison of Two Techniques for Measuring Surface Area of Conifer Needles. Forest Science 21(3): 231‑232.

Running, S.W., R.H. Waring, R.A. Rydell. (1975) Physiological Control of Water Flux in Conifers. Oecologia (Berl.) 18:1‑16.

Waring, R.H., W.H. Emmingham, S.W. Running. (1975) Environmental limits of an endemic spruce, Picea breweriana. Canadian Journal of Botany 53(15):1599‑1613.


PhD Students




Thesis title







Ramakrishna R. Nemani


Mapping forest evapotranspiration and photosynthesis by coupling satellite data with ecosystem simulation.










George A. Riggs


Airborne imaging spectrometry and ecological modelling of coniferous forests.










Joseph Coughlan


Biophysical aggregation of a forested landscape using a knowledge-based model.










Ronda L. Korol


Development and evaluation of a biophysical tree growth model.










Robert G. Kremer


Remote sensing and ecosystem simulation modeling of the intermountain sagebrush-steppe with implications for global climate change.










Lars L. Pierce


Scaling ecosystem models from watersheds to regions: tradeoffs between model complexity and accuracy.










Kevin C. Ryan


Effects of artificial defoliation and girdling on water relations shoot and stem growth of ponderosa pine.










Daolan Zheng


Predicting daily soil temperature and available soil water capacity through topographical analysis at various scales using climate and satellite data.




 Joe Glassy


Validating Selected Topographic and Diurnal Meteorological Parameters using the MTCLIM model with surface and Remote Sensing Data





Joseph D. White


Spatial and temporal scale effects on assessment of a regional ecosystem model: modeling climate change in Glacier National Park, USA.










Galina Churkina


Analyzing climatic and human influences on global terrestrial productivity.










Peter E. Thornton


Regional ecosystem simulation: combining surface and satellite-based observations to study linkages between terrestrial energy and mass budgets.










Michael A. White


Monitoring and modeling growing season dynamics.










Alisa Keyser













Geoffrey C. Poole


Analysis and dynamic simulation of morphologic controls on surface and ground-water flux in a large alluvian flood plain.





Cristina Milesi



Monitoring and modeling human interactions with ecosystems





Matt Reeves


Derivation of wheat yield and rangeland productivity in the northern Great Plains using MODIS algorithms






William Jolly


Developing a near real-time system for monitoring the foliar phenology of the terrestrial biosphere




Ann Radil






Pat Andrews






A physiologically-based, weather-driven model for fuel moisture for fire danger rating and fire potential assessment





David Mildrexler


Developing a disturbance index and extreme land surface temperature in the Western United States





 Rachel Loehman


Modeling Interactions among climate, landscape, and emerging diseases: A hantavirus case study




Celine Boisvenue



Assessing forest responses to climate change and resolving productivity measurements across spatial scales